Until the nineteenth century, timber framed barns predominated in the areas of alluvial soil where there was no suitable local building stone. This is roughly the area south and west of a line from Portsmouth to King’s Lyn.
In Kent and Essex the traditional style was the aisled barn, but in the rest of the area they are un-aisled. I have sorted these into three categories. The most common design is “Post & Truss” construction. Across the Midlands, the “box-frame” barn is the most common. The third group is disitnguished by a particular type of truss usually called a cranked or curved under-principal.
The two barns on this page are different from the others. The barn in the Home Farm at Wimpole Hall is one of the few barns designed by a known architect. The barn at Stockbridge Farm appears to be a cruck-frame barn, but the construction is so unusual that I think it deserves special mention.
Until the 18th century, all the timber would have been cut by hand. This video of a saw-pit in use in the USA shows what a laborious process it was.